Medicare Part A

Your 65th birthday is rapidly approaching, retirement is looming and your Medicare choices are pretty overwhelming. What plan or options are right for you? The Medicare system can be challenging to navigate and understand and making the wrong choice could end up costing you more than you can afford in the long run.

Learning more about your options can help you make the best possible decision. Since Medicare Part A is a Federal program, it is available everywhere and you can’t be turned down. You do need to learn what Part A covers, what it costs and how it benefits you to determine if this plan is the right one for you.

If your spouse is the one turning 65 first, you’ll still need to review your options as a family, since the Medicare plan you choose could impact your budget over the long term. If you are a caregiver to a senior, then carefully considering their options, overall health and healthcare needs can help you make the best choices for them.

What is Medicare Part A, and how does it work with the other Medicare parts? An understanding of the different components of Medicare can help you decide if this plan, which is designed to cover your hospitalization costs, is right for you.

What is Medicare?

More than 55 million people turn to Medicare each year for health insurance. When you turn 65 years of age, you qualify for the affordable Medicare program, but you have several options to choose from. Original Medicare, which consists of Part A and Part B and several alternative and supplemental options allow you to select the plans and coverage that is right for you.

By choosing from a menu of options, Medicare users can select exactly what they need for coverage and ensure that their healthcare needs are affordably met. Learning more about your Medicare options is essential; our easy to use guides are designed to give you insight and help you determine which options are right for you.

Medicare’s Components

The first two components of Medicare, Part A and Part B are considered “Original Medicare”. Part A is the subject of this detailed guide and covers hospital care; you should know that Medicare Part B is a partner component and covers your doctor visits. Everything you need to know about Part B is located in our comprehensive guide, located here.

Medicare Part A and B work together to cover many of your medical needs, but not all of them; you’ll still have some healthcare costs if you only choose these plans. A Medicare supplemental insurance plan is optional and can help you cover some additional expenses and prescription medications. These plans, Medicare Part C (also called Medicare Advantage and replaces Part A and B) and Medicare Part D, are described in detail in our user-friendly guides.

You are eligible for Medicare if you are a U.S. citizen and 65 years of age or older. If you are younger than 65 but have an eligible disability, you could receive Medicare coverage as well. You can’t be turned down for Medicare Part A, even if you have a pre-existing condition or a past history of illness.

Medicare Part A

While you should know about all of your options, learning more about one of the most popular Medicare plans, Part A, will help you decide if this model is the right choice for you.

What is Medicare Part A?
Medicare Part A is health insurance designed specifically for hospital stays; it is part of Original Medicare and paired with Part B to create comprehensive coverage. Medicare Part A is the same, not matter where you live in the United States; you’ll receive the same coverage and options regardless of your geographic location.

What Does Medicare Part A Cover?
Medicare Part A is designed to cover the costs associated with hospitalization or a hospital stay. While this form of Medicare will help with many of your expenses, you will still have to contribute towards your costs and hospital bills.

Medicare Part A and You

Medicare Part A covers a portion of any hospital stay expenses you incur, but what does that mean for you and what can you expect from this plan? For Medicare Part A users, the plan covers your inpatient hospital stay costs, any skilled nursing care you require after your hospitalization and even some level of care if you are homebound. Part A also covers hospice care if needed.

Medicare Part A has come coverage limits you should be aware of before opting for this plan. If you are in the hospital or in a nursing facility for over 90 days, then you may have to pay some of the costs. While your hospital stay is covered, you may still incur expenses; doctor fees and services are not covered by Part A (you’ll need Part B for those).

Other Hospital Services and Medicare Part A

If you need other services while you are in the hospital, they may not be covered by Medicare Part A. Personal services like phone calls, WiFi rental, and other non-medical expenses are not covered. Your medically required services may be covered while you are in the hospital; assistance with bathing, eating or dressing could be covered if they are considered medically necessary. If you want to request a private room, that won’t be covered unless it is medically necessary.

What Fees Are Charged for Medicare Part A?

A senior choosing Medicare Part A could be responsible for a variety of expenses, including the following items:

  • Monthly Insurance Premiums: If you have made Social Security contributions for at least 10 years, you will have no monthly premium costs for Medicare Part A. You are also not required to pay a monthly premium if your spouse meets the 10 year Social Security requirement. If you have not made Social Security contributions, or have not made them for the full 10 years, you may be required to pay up to $413 per month for coverage in 2017.
  • Deductibles: Medicare Part A has a deductible of $1316 per hospital stay for 2017.
  • Co-Pay: If you are in the hospital for more than 60 days, you may have to pay a co-pay fee of up to $329 per day. For stays longer than 90 days, that figure rises to $658 per day

When Can you Enroll in Medicare Part A?

Your first opportunity to enroll in Medicare (unless you are disabled) is just before your 65th birthday. The actual dates for initial enrollment are different for every senior, since the timing is determined by your birthday month. If you are already on Social Security, then enrollment is automatic.

Your Initial Enrollment Period, or IEP, is a seven month window of time that extends from three months before you turn 65, includes your actual birthday month and the three months following your 65th birthday. Ideally, you should enroll in the program as early as you can, to avoid coverage delays.
If you have a November birthday and are turning 65 in 2017, then your IEP will begin in August of 2017 and run through February of 2018; applying in August will ensure you have plenty of time to finalize your coverage before you actually turn 65.

Review your Medicare Enrollment Options Annually

Once you have chosen your initial coverage, you will have a chance each year to make changes if you need to. Your health and needs could change over the course of the year, so making adjustments to your coverage could help you save money. If you wish to change to Medicare Part A after you are already enrolled in Medicare, then you can do so during the annual open enrollment period. Each year from October 15th to December 7th, you can make changes to your Medicare plan. In some cases, you can make changes outside of this time period; retiring or moving to a different area may require you to change your Medicare plan.

What Hospital or Provider Can I See with Medicare Part A?

Any facility in the US that accepts new Medicare patients and is qualified to treat patients under Medicare Part A can see you.  One of the benefits of choosing Original Medicare, which includes both Part and Part B is that you can keep seeing your preferred doctor. Only some doctors accept Medicare Advantage (Part C), so you might have to make a change if you opt for this plan.

Is it Time to Learn About Medicare?

The best time to learn about Medicare Part A and your other options is well before your 65th birthday. You should consider both your current health, any concerns you have about your overall health and wellness and any chronic conditions you have as you determine if Part A is right for you. While there is no way to predict an emergency, if you have been treated in the hospital in the past or have a chronic condition that could require hospitalization, then Part A coverage could help.

Is Medicare Part A and B enough coverage for you? It might not be, if you also take prescription medications. A supplemental plan may be needed to help offset the cost of your medicine.

Extra Help Paying for Medicare Part A

If you are worried about affording Medicare, there are several income based assistance options available to you, including:

  • Extra Help:  The amount of Extra Help available will depend on the amount of money you make from all sources, including retirement and any assets you have beyond your home. While eligibility levels vary, if you make less than $18.000 as an individual or less than $24,000 as a couple, you could qualify for assistance.
  • State Medicaid: Medicaid can help pay for your costs that are not covered by Medicare if you are on a limited income; Medicaid is state based and varies depending on where you live.
  • Medicare Savings Program: Designed to help you pay deductibles, premiums and co-insurance if you use Medicare Part A or B, this program can help offset your costs if you qualify.

Carefully reviewing both Medicare Part A and B and Medicare Advantage (Part C) can help you determine which plan is best suited to your needs. Understanding your healthcare options and plans ensures that you are in control of your own healthcare and that you can make pro-active decisions about your medical care and well-being.